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Pueblo Enfermo De Alcides Arguedas PDF


Pueblo enfermo de alcides arguedas PDF - A Review of the Classic Bolivian Essay




Pueblo enfermo (Sick Nation) is a controversial essay written by the Bolivian writer and politician Alcides Arguedas in 1909. The essay analyzes the social, political, and cultural problems of Bolivia, and attributes them to the racial and ethnic diversity of the country. Arguedas argues that Bolivia is a sick nation because it is composed of different races that are incompatible and antagonistic to each other, such as the indigenous people, the mestizos, and the whites. He claims that the indigenous people are inferior, backward, and lazy, and that they hinder the progress and civilization of the country. He also criticizes the mestizos for being corrupt, violent, and ignorant, and for having a weak national identity. He praises the whites for being superior, civilized, and progressive, but laments that they are a minority and that they have failed to impose their culture and values on the rest of the population.


The essay caused a great impact and controversy in Bolivia and abroad. It was praised by some sectors of the society, especially by the elites and intellectuals who shared Arguedas' views and who saw in his essay a justification for their domination and exploitation of the indigenous people. It was also applauded by some European critics who regarded Bolivia as an example of a failed nation that could not overcome its racial and cultural diversity. However, it was also strongly criticized and rejected by other sectors of the society, especially by the indigenous people and their allies who saw in Arguedas' essay a racist and elitist attack on their dignity and rights. It was also denounced by some Latin American critics who regarded Bolivia as an example of a resilient nation that could resist and overcome its colonial and neocolonial oppression.




pueblo enfermo de alcides arguedas PDF



The essay has been republished several times in different formats and languages. One of the most accessible ways to read it today is through a PDF file that can be downloaded from various websites. One of these websites is Archive.org, a digital library that offers free access to millions of books, movies, music, and other media. The PDF file available on Archive.org contains the second edition of Pueblo enfermo published in 1911 by Vda. de Luis Tasso in Barcelona. The file has 263 pages and includes a preface by Arguedas, an introduction by José Enrique Rodó, a Uruguayan writer and philosopher who influenced Arguedas' ideas, and an index. The file also has some annotations and corrections made by previous readers.


Another website that offers a PDF file of Pueblo enfermo is UNAM, the National Autonomous University of Mexico. The PDF file available on UNAM contains a fragment of Pueblo enfermo published in 1979 by Cuadernos de Cultura Latinoamericana, a journal dedicated to Latin American studies. The file has 16 pages and includes an introduction by an anonymous editor who provides some historical and biographical context for Arguedas' essay. The file also has some footnotes that explain some terms and references used by Arguedas.


A third website that offers a PDF file of Pueblo enfermo is Google Books, a service that allows users to search, preview, and buy books online. The PDF file available on Google Books contains a preview of Pueblo enfermo published in 1967 by Ediciones Puerta del Sol in La Paz. The file has 30 pages and includes the first chapter of Pueblo enfermo titled "La raza indígena" (The Indigenous Race), where Arguedas presents his main thesis and arguments about the inferiority and backwardness of the indigenous people.


Conclusion




Pueblo enfermo de alcides arguedas PDF is a way to access one of the most influential and controversial essays in Bolivian history. The essay reflects the views and prejudices of its author, who belonged to a privileged class that exploited and oppressed the majority of the population. The essay also reveals the challenges and contradictions of a nation that was born from a colonial legacy and that struggled to define its identity and destiny in a complex and diverse reality. The essay is still relevant today, as it raises important questions about race, culture, politics, and development in Bolivia and in Latin America.




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